Is the Islam in Islamophobia the Same as the Islam in Anti-Islam; or, When Is It Islamophobia Time?
e-cadernos CES, Vol. 2009, No. 3
This paper was first published in Sayyid, S. and Vakil, AbdoolKarim (eds) (2008), “Thinking Thru' Islamophobia Symposium Papers”, CERS e-working papers, 12 (Available at: http://www.sociology.leeds.ac.uk/research/ethnicity-racism/cers/working-papers.php).
(Editors’ note: A reference to the influential definition of Islamophobia proposed by the Runnymede Trust Commission on British Muslims and Islamophobia chaired by Gordon Conway, whose landmark report was published in 1997).
For a useful introduction to Anidjar‘s project in his own words, see the “Introduction” to Semites and the earlier Q&A Asia Source interview http://www.asiasource.org/news/special_reports/anidjar4.cfm.
For the original full text of the passage quoted see Edward Said, 1998: 84.
The phrase is Ato Quayson‘s (2005), drawing on Said (though, strangely, race is entirely absent from his discussion).
See particularly chapters 1 “Vocabularies of Race” and 2 “Religion, Culture, and Racial Difference” in Ania Loomba (2002).
See the interview with Barnor Hesse (2003) by Patricia A. Lott for the quotations, and Hesse (2004) for development.
Absent from Loomba (1998), but present in its 2nd edition (2005, p.217); absent from Loomba (1999, reprinted in 2000), but present in the Shakespeare book (2002), which otherwise recycles the same points and references (including Balibar).
See Amalendu Misra‘s discussion of “The legacy of British Historiography” (2004: 189-229) for an overview of the texts and topics; and Patrick Wolfe (2002: 374), for a concise statement of the point and the way it continues to structure the terms of such critical interventions as Spivak‘s, with whose Critique of Postcolonial Reason Wolf is here concerned; for how the colonial categories connect with the related extensive debate on the construction of communalism and Hindu-Muslim conflict in India, see Peter Gottschalk (2007).
I am indebted to Jamil Sherif for this reference.
For a skeptical take on Said‘s twinning of Islamophobia and Antisemitism (which, moreover, pits anti-semitism on the Zionist lines of a transhistorical hatred) as a rhetorical flourish with strategic intent, see James Pasto (1998: 472).
The conventionally cited reference, following the OED, being an article in the US magazine Insight of 4 February 1991.
In the “Introduction” to the Report (p.1), it is stated that the word “was coined in the late 1980s”.
See the BMMS, vols IV and V for 1996 and 1997: examples include, the Muslim News launch of media monitoring in September 1996; a public meeting organised by the Wycombe Race Equality Council in March 97; a seminar on “Islamophobia – its features and dangers” organised by the Indian Muslim Federation and the London Borough of Waltham Forest in May; a Q-News “exclusive” on the Report‘s findings ahead of its publication in October 1997; the conference “Islamophobia – the oldest hatred”, organised by the Muslim Parliament on 19 October which brought together Muslim leaders from across Europe to discuss the problem of Islamophobia; and the founding of the Islamic Human Rights Committee by the Muslim Parliament that year, to pursue cases of Islamophobic discrimination.
Weldon, cited in the Independent on Sunday (02.03.97) (which should be read with Weldon (1989]; Dr Patrick Sookhdeo in Church Times, (28.02.97), and the New Christian Herald (22.03.97); Polly Toynbee, “In defense of Islamophobia” Independent (23.10.97): BMSS, vol. V (1997).
Precisely the situation which the CERS Workshop sought to address (see Sayyid and Vakil 2008 for the draft papers presented).
See for example Chris Allen (2007).
Commission on British Muslims and Islamophobia (2004).
Vincent Geisser‘s mapping of the French case, structured by French Republican laicism and fractured by the traumas of the two Algerian complexes, the colonial war and the Islamist civil war, featuring prominent walk-on parts for the “moderate”, “enlightened”, “arabophile but islamophobe”, native informant “Muslim islamophobes”, or “Muslim facilitators of Islamophobia”, whose rabid “islamistophobia” gives manifest expression to latent Islamophobia, is a good example (Geisser, 2003).
The 1918 English translation of The Life translates that works’ reference to this forthcoming pamphlet under the English title of “The East Seen from the West”, but I have here used Orient as more in keeping with its explicit critique of Orientalism. The reference, targetting the Belgian Jesuit Orientalist Henri Lammens, is in justification of the need to expose “à quel degré d‘aberration l‘Islamophobie pouvait conduire un savant”, (p.26).
A patriotic dedication which the English translation, literally reinscribes and re-sites as: “This work is dedicated by the author and his collaborator to the Memory of the Valiant Moslem Soldiers particularly those of France and England who, in the Sacred Cause of Right, Justice and Humanity have piously sacrificed their lives in the Great War of the Nations”.
In one biographer's words, “Dinet est véritablement ulceréré de l‘ingratitude dont la France fait preuve vis‘à‘vis des musulmans qui se sont battu pour elle” (Brahimi, 1984: 140).
‘Quoth the Prophet: “The Moslems are as one body: the pain in any single limb gives rise to fever and insomnia in the whole of the frame”. On the Arafa, Islam has nothing to fear from enemy spies; it can make good its losses and prepare its future. Despite its disasters, it is more alive than ever!”. My reading of Dinet‘s discussion of the decline of Islam is considerably at odds with Ruth Roded‘s in her stimulating critique of Dinet and Sliman‘s gendered representations in the Life of the Prophet (Roded, 2002).
The latter reads: “Sur le plan politique, nous savons dejá qu‘à la fin de sa vie, il n‘a pas d‘illusions. Il a pu se rendre compte, dés son retour à Alger, que l‘islamophobie y régnait avec virolence”.
See ‘Talking Back Muslim’, a contribution to a working bibliography on Islamophobia compiled by Vakil for Sayyid and Vakil (2008).
Título: Is the Islam in Islamophobia the Same as the Islam in Anti-Islam; or, When Is It Islamophobia Time?
Outras informações: e-cadernos CES, Vol. 2009, No. 3
Autor(es): Abdoolkarim Vakil